Mar 19 2010
Andhra Pradesh Key statics
Capital : Hyderabad
Area: 276754 sq km.
Population density: 275 per sq km
Languages: urudu, telungu, hindi
Sex ratio: 978 females for 1000 males
Literacy rate: 60 %
Andhra is divided into three main physio graphic zones: costal plane lying in the eastern part of Andhra. western parts are occupied by eastern ghats, the coastal plane extends from the bay of bengal to the mountain ranges and runs nearly the entire length of Andhra. so many rivers are flowing throgh Andhra, finally they reach at Bay of bengal. the godavari and Krishna deltas form the central part of pains. the eastern ghats are splits by different rivers and do not form a continuous range of andhra. the plateau region to the west of the ranges has an elevation of 550 meters above sea level.
Major rivers in Andhra Pradesh
Krishna, godavari,tungabhadra, penneru,musi etc
Neighbouring states of Andhra
Karnataka, chattishgarh, orissa, tamilnadu, pondicherry, maharashtra etc.
Although references to people called Andhras who lived south of the central mountain ranges of india.,can be found in sanskrit writings dating back to about 150 bc. the historical evidences prover that Andhras dates only from the times of the maurian dynasty, around the 3 rd century of BC. the great emperor Asoka had sent buddhist missions to the Andhra. In the first centuary AD the satakarnis came to Andhra. They were one of the popular dynasties in Andhra and ruled over the entire deccan plateau. they made relationships with the romans. During 11 th century large expanses of Andhara were united under the reign of Chalukyas. in the time of twelfth and thirteenth centuries the kakatiya dyanstly of waranagl spread andhra power. during the time of 1323 the muslim invasions occur ed in Andhra. the muslim domination prevented by Vijayanagar emperors. the vijayanagar kingdom treated as the biggest kingdom in Andhra history. Krishna Deva Raya was the famous ruler among vijayanagar emperors. In 1688 the mugal emperor Aurangazeb invaded Golconda and annexed it to the mughal empire. Nazims are ruled in Andhra as an agent of mugal emperors. about 35 years nazims ruled here. After them Asaf jahi Nizams came.After the arrival of brittish they made a control over Andhra.
Climate in Andhra
in Andhra the summer season is from march to june, the monsoon season is from july to september and the winter from october to february. the maximum temperature reaches at 30 degree C and minimum is about 10 degree C. the coastal region experiences very warm summer with temperatures rising to 40 degree C in some regions. summers are cooler and winters colder still in plateau regions. the rainfall is mainly due to south west monsoon winds, the annual rain fall is about 1400mm. the rainfall is heavier in the coastal areas but scanty in the northern and western parts of the plateau.
one of the classical performance dance forms of India kuchipudi is indigenous to Andhra.it is well known for it’s budithi metal work and dokra metal kraft, and banjara embroidery. nirmal in adilabad district is famous for its nadash craftsmen who specilize in painting secnes from the mahabahrath and ramayana, epics in purana. Andhra is popular for its lkat textiles. the state is very much reputed for its stone carvings and wood carving, kalamkari fabrics, toys, filgree work, puppets etc.
Fairs and Festivals in Andhra
the main hindu festivals are dasara, sri ramavani, krishana jayanthi, deepavali, maha sivarathri, ugadi, sankranti, vianayaka chavithi in the state are unique.
Museums in Andhra
Bhagavan mahavir governmet museum, Archaeological museum at amaravathi,kolanupaka site museum, sri venkateswara museum, state archeological museum, victoria jubilee museum, nagarjuna konda museum etc.
Tourism in Andhra Pradesh
major tourist attractions: Hyderabad-salarjung museum, charminar, hussein sagar lake, durgam ceruvu, shamirpet lake , golconda fort, qutb shani tombs, statue of lord buddha, hussain sagar lake,shamirpet lake etc.Chittur-horsley hills, chadragiri, lord venkateswara sanctuary, venkateswara temple, govidnaraja temple.Tirupati- lord venkateswara temple, sri agastheswara temple, govindaswamy temple, goddess alamelumanga temple, kodadaram swamy temple. Cuddapah-bhagavan mahavir government museum, chand phira gumbadh, gandikora fort, Vishakhapatanam- simachalam temple , dolphins nose, rishikonda beach. Vijayawada-kanakadurga temple, prakasam barrage, st mary’s church, kondapalli fort, victoria jubilee museum, hazrat bal mosque
National parks in Andhra Pradesh
kasu brahma reddy national park-hyderabad, mahavir harina vanasthal national park-Rangareddi district,Sri venkateshwara national park-Chittoor, Mrugavani national park-Ragareddi district
Main party in Andhra
indian national congress, telungu desham party,communist party, telangana rashtra samithi, bharathiya janatha party
Educational institutes in Andhra
Andhra university, Central institute of English and Foreign languages.Dravidian university, jawaharlal university, Dr Br ambedkar open university, kakaitya logical university, nagarjuna university, osmania univerisity, vidyapeetha , sri krishanadevaraya university, sri vinayaka institute of medical science.
Economy Agriculture and industry in Andhara Pradesh
Economy: the net state domestic product at current prices was 183123 crores. the per capita net state domestic product at current prices was 23155.
Agriculture: the production of food grains dominates agriculture in Andhra Pradesh and froms athe mainstay of the Andhra Economy. Andhra was the main producers of rice and tobacco.Another product is sugarcane. the other agricultural products includes chilli , peppers, castor beans, groundnut, mangoes, grapes and oranges.
Industry: the main industry in Andhra is IT. the other industries are auto component manufacturing , chemical synthesis, horticulture, minerals are found in sthe state include natural gas and oil, coal, manganes, gold, limestone, diamonds, quartz, dolomite, and silca sand etc.
Flora and Fauna in Andhra Pradesh
forests covered nearly 63000 sq km in andhra. mangrove swamps are seen in coastal areas. cultivations of fruits, tobacco and food crops are carried out in the deltas. the forests are mainly occupied by deciduous and savanna vegiatations. the fauna included tigers, leopards,deer and bears .these are seen in the forest areas of the state.
Airports In Andhra Pradesh
Rajahmundry, Hyderabad, Tirupathi,Vishakapatanam,Donakonda,Warangal,Cuddapah,nadrigul etc