Hampi is a part of northern Karnataka . Hampi was serves as the capital city of vijayanagar empires. Now hampi is a quaint village with remainings of past history. The ruins includes more than 500 monuments. It is a world heritage site. The famous picnic spots in hampi are – monolith bull, virupaksha temple, vithala temple, queen ‘s bath, lotus mahal , zanana enclosure. Etc.
Karnataka Key statics
capital : Bangalore
area: 191790 sq km
population density: 270 per sq km
languages: kannada, urudu, telungu
sex ratio: 965 females for 1000 males
literacy rate: 66.6%
About 750 km from north to south and 400 km from east to west, karnataka is divided into foloowing phisiographic regions, The central plateau, it has elevation 450 to 700 m. , the northern plateu elevation varies from 300 m to 500 m . the southern plateu with elevation 600 to 900 m .the fourth region is coastal region, it consists of plains and western ghats. the tallest peak in kanaranatak are bababudangiri, mullayyana and kudremukh
Rivers in karnataka
Cauvery, krishana,south pennar, north pennar, gagavali, kalinadi, tungabhadra etc
Neighbouring states of karanataka
Goa, kerala, maharashtra, tamil nadu, andhra pradesh
Climate in karanataka
The climate varies from hot with excessive rainfall in the coastal belt and adjoining areas to hot and souther part have dry tropical climate , semi arid in the northern regions. the hottest months are april and may, the temperature varies from 30-35, the temperature going above 40 during summer season. the weather is pleasant during the months of october and march . the average rainfall is 1380 mm. the maximum rain fall occurs at shimoga and kodagu.
History of karnataka
Around the mid third centuary BC the maurya ruled over the major portions of present karanataka. After mauryas up untill the 11 centuary AD the kadambas was the principal dynasties in karnataka. afther kadambas , gangas and pallavas are came. they are followed by chalukyas, the rashtrakutas, the hoysalas etc. the vijayanagar empire made control during 13 th centuary. at the end of 16 th centuary the vijayanagar empire declined, and mughal dominated in this region.Hyder Ali rose to power in 1760 and his invasions extended mysore domination and his invasions extended mysore dominion. Tipu sultan, son of Hyder Ali defeated by brittish compani and they made controll over karanataka untill independance. after the independacne of India, the mysore went through two terrotorial reorganizations in 1953 and 1956. on 1 november 1973, the mysore state is renamed as karanataka state.
Flora and Fauna in karnataka
About 20 % area of karanataka is under forests with rosewood, teak, bamboo, sandal trees in abundance. the karnataka wildlife includes sambar, elephant, gaur, barking deer, black buck, white ibis, heron, partridge, peafowl and hornbill.
Karnataka has number of facinating folk theatres namely bayalata, sannata, dasarata, parijata and Yakshagana.
Karnataka museums: Government museum, railway museum, jayachama rajendra art gallery, technical museum
Fairs and Festivals in Karnataka
The major festivals in karanataka are ugadi, navarathri, deepavali, dussehara, nagapanchami,yellu ammavasi etc. the fairs include srivithappa fair, godachi fair, sri shidlingappa’s fair and banashankari devi fair.
Educational institutions in karanataka
The major educational institutions in karnataka are indian institute of management, indian institute of science, naitonal institute of mental health, national law university, university of agricultural science. national institute of technology, gulberga university, manipal university, university of mysore etc.
Economy Agriculture and Industry in Karnataka
Economy:the net domestic product of karanataka at current prices was Rs 135198 crores. the per capita net state domestic product was Rs 24 900.
Agriculture: the major crops includes pady , jowar, bajara, ragi, pulses, sunflower, tobacco, grounnut, cotton, soyabean etc. the main plantaions crops are cashew, coffe, arecanut, coconut, caradom etc.
Industry: the major indusries in karanatak are aeronoutics, automobiles, electronics, biotechnology, sugar, steel, textiles , information technology, pharmaceuticals, leather , cement etc.
Main Party in Karanataka
Bharatiaya janatha party, Indian national congress, janata dal(s), janata dal (u), communist party of india, republic party of india, kannada nadu pary, kannada chalarai paksha etc.
Major tourist attractions in karanataka are Benglauru- vidhana soudha, palace of tipu sultan, vidhana soudha, ulsoor lake.Mysore-sriranagapatana, mysore palace, gumbaz, brindavan garden, st philomina’s church .Hampi-virupaksha temple, vittala temple, Aihole and pattadakal, Badmi- cave temples,Belur and Halebid-shiva temple, chennakeshava temple .Beaches-karvar, malpe, marwanthe ,Jog falls, Nandi hills, Bijapur. Madikeri- tipu’s fort, abbey falls, omkareshwara temple
National parks in karnataka: Ansi, Bandipur, kudremukh, Rajiv Gandhi national park, Bandipur tiger reserve
Airports in Karnataka: Bengaluru, Belgaum, Mangalore, Hubli etc.
The following are the major festivals in bangalore
it is held in november. it is to celebrate the first groundnut crop of the year.farmers are visits the bull temple in associated with this festival to get blessings
it is celebrated in the month of march.
it is a festival of makara sankranthi. pongal festival celebrated all among south india. it is celebrated in harvest season.
it is celebrated in october.
it is the birth anniversary of lord ganesha. it is held during the month of november.
it is a festival associated with lord siva.
In India the summer season is too hot . but in bangalore the summer is not too hot , nor the winter too cold. Rainfall occurs very rarely. the rainy season is from july to september. the best time to visit bangalore is october to february, at this time the climate is very pleasant. during the summer season the temperature reaches the maximum level about 36 degree C. and the minimum about 17 degree C. the annual rainfall in bangalore city is about 850 mm.
bangalore is a fast growing metropolitan city and capital of karanataka state. it is about 1000 m above sea level. banglore is best known for it’s salubrious climate , the temperature here is moderate through out the year. the maximum temperature is about 34 degree C and minimum about 22 degree C . bangalore is well connected by roads, rail and air by various cities. bangalore city have number of educational institutions. some of them are raman research centre, indian institute of science , bangalore university, national aerospace laboratories, neuro science, etc. the city holds picturesque garden and parks