KARNATAKA

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Karnataka Key statics

capital : Bangalore

area: 191790 sq km

population: 52850560

population density: 270 per sq km

languages: kannada, urudu, telungu

sex ratio: 965 females for 1000 males

literacy rate: 66.6%

Karnataka Geography

About 750 km from north to south and 400 km from east to west, karnataka is divided into foloowing phisiographic regions, The central plateau, it has elevation 450 to 700 m. , the northern plateu elevation varies from 300 m to 500 m . the southern plateu with elevation 600 to 900 m .the fourth region is coastal region, it consists of plains and western ghats. the tallest peak in kanaranatak are bababudangiri, mullayyana and kudremukh

Rivers in karnataka

Cauvery, krishana,south pennar, north pennar, gagavali, kalinadi, tungabhadra etc

Neighbouring states of karanataka

Goa, kerala, maharashtra, tamil nadu, andhra pradesh

Climate in karanataka

The climate varies from hot with excessive rainfall in the coastal belt and adjoining areas to hot and souther part have dry tropical climate , semi arid in the northern regions. the hottest months are april and may, the temperature varies from 30-35, the temperature going above 40 during summer season. the weather is pleasant during the months of october and march . the average rainfall is 1380 mm.  the maximum rain fall occurs at shimoga and kodagu.

History of karnataka

Around the mid third centuary BC the maurya ruled over the major portions of present karanataka. After mauryas up untill the 11 centuary AD the kadambas was the principal dynasties in karnataka. afther kadambas , gangas and pallavas are came. they are followed by chalukyas, the rashtrakutas, the hoysalas etc. the vijayanagar empire made control during 13 th centuary. at the end of 16 th centuary the vijayanagar empire declined, and mughal dominated in this region.Hyder Ali rose to power in 1760 and his invasions extended mysore domination and his invasions extended mysore dominion. Tipu sultan, son of Hyder Ali defeated by brittish compani and they made controll over karanataka untill independance. after the independacne of India, the mysore went through two terrotorial reorganizations in 1953 and 1956. on 1 november 1973, the mysore state is renamed as karanataka state.

Flora and Fauna in karnataka

About 20 % area of karanataka is under forests with rosewood, teak, bamboo, sandal trees in abundance. the karnataka wildlife includes sambar, elephant, gaur, barking deer, black buck, white ibis, heron, partridge, peafowl and hornbill.

Karnataka Culture

Karnataka has number of facinating folk theatres namely bayalata, sannata, dasarata, parijata and Yakshagana.

Karnataka museums: Government museum, railway museum, jayachama rajendra art gallery, technical museum

Fairs and Festivals in Karnataka

The major festivals in karanataka are ugadi, navarathri, deepavali, dussehara, nagapanchami,yellu ammavasi etc. the fairs include srivithappa fair, godachi fair, sri shidlingappa’s fair and banashankari devi fair.

Educational institutions in karanataka

The major educational institutions in karnataka are indian institute of management, indian institute of science, naitonal institute of mental health, national law university, university of agricultural science. national institute of technology, gulberga university, manipal university, university of mysore etc.

Economy Agriculture and Industry in Karnataka

Economy:the net domestic product of karanataka at current prices was Rs 135198 crores. the per capita net state domestic product was Rs 24 900.

Agriculture: the major crops includes pady , jowar, bajara, ragi, pulses, sunflower, tobacco, grounnut, cotton, soyabean etc. the main plantaions crops are cashew, coffe, arecanut, coconut, caradom etc.

Industry: the major indusries in karanatak are aeronoutics, automobiles, electronics, biotechnology, sugar, steel, textiles , information technology, pharmaceuticals, leather , cement etc.

Main Party in Karanataka

Bharatiaya janatha party, Indian national congress, janata dal(s), janata dal (u), communist party of india, republic party of india, kannada nadu pary, kannada chalarai paksha etc.

Karnataka Tourism

Major tourist attractions in karanataka are Benglauru- vidhana soudha, palace of tipu sultan, vidhana soudha, ulsoor lake.Mysore-sriranagapatana, mysore palace, gumbaz, brindavan garden, st philomina’s church .Hampi-virupaksha temple, vittala temple, Aihole and pattadakal, Badmi- cave temples,Belur and Halebid-shiva temple, chennakeshava temple .Beaches-karvar, malpe, marwanthe ,Jog falls, Nandi hills, Bijapur. Madikeri- tipu’s fort, abbey falls, omkareshwara temple

National parks in karnataka: Ansi, Bandipur, kudremukh, Rajiv Gandhi national park, Bandipur tiger reserve

Airports in Karnataka: Bengaluru, Belgaum, Mangalore, Hubli etc.